Injury prevention, accident prevention

Many accidents can be prevented by observing precautionary measures. After an accident, first aid measures can reduce further physical damag

Overview

Many accidents can be prevented by observing precautionary measures. After an accident, first aid measures can reduce further physical damage.

Symptoms

Accident injuries, depending on the cause of the accident
  • Open wounds
    • Cuts and stab wounds
    • Bites and bullet wounds
    • Burns and acid/chemical burns
    • Open bone fractures
    • Open head and stomach wounds
  • Blunt injuries (closed)

Causes and treatment

Thoughtlessness and negligence often cause fatal accidents, e.g.
  • Traffic accidents
    • Driving without a seat belt
    • Children without a safety seat, baby car seat
    • Alcohol, drugs, medication
    • Speeding
  • Mountain hikes, mountaineering with unsuitable shoes and insufficient planning
  • Driving a motorbike or bicycle without a helmet
  • Diving head first into unknown waters
  • Off-piste snow sports without carefully assessing the situation
  • etc.

What can I do myself?

Prevent household accidents
  • Non-slip ladder instead of a stool, chair or windowsill
  • Remove slipping hazards (cables, buckets, carpets)
  • Never use water to clean electrical devices that are switched on
  • Have electrical repairs done by a professional
  • Never leave hot stove plates/pans/pots unattended
  • Never empty chemicals into different and unlabelled containers
  • Be careful when handling poisonous plants
Prevent accidents involving children
  • Point out and explain the dangers to children
  • Secure electrical sockets
  • Put pans on the back of the stove
  • Position cooking pots so that handles are out of reach of children
  • Make sure that furniture and other objects can't slip or fall over
  • Protective door and non-slip floor covering for stairs
  • Ensure supervision at open/frozen waters, swimming pools
  • Safety-, weight- and size-certified car seats
  • Only use safety-certified child seats and trailers for bicycles
  • Keep pointed and sharp items out of reach
  • No poisonous plants (apartment, garden)
  • Keep medication, chemicals, cleaning agents out of reach
  • Don't touch strange animals
Prevent accidents involving older people
  • Non-slip shoes
  • Practice walking with walking aids (walking stick, Zimmer frame)
  • Suitable visual and hearing aids
  • Remove slipping hazards (carpets, cables)
  • Aids for getting into the shower and bathtub
  • Stairlift system, non-slip floor covering for stairs
  • Height-adjustable bed
General prevention measures
  • Health promotion
    • Regular strength and endurance training
    • Stretching
    • Improve mental health (stress reduction, relaxation)
    • Balanced diet, weight control
    • No alcohol, drugs or tobacco
    • Regular lifestyle
    • Protection against diseases (vaccination)
  • Equipment
    • Wear protective equipment (goggles, helmet, protective pads, etc.)
    • Safety-certified materials/aids
    • Clothing suited to the activity and weather
    • Equipment/aids suited to the activity and weather
  • Follow weather forecasts, plan trips
  • Read user manuals
  • Training/courses
    • Instructions/training only by professionals
    • Bicycle test, driver safety training course
    • First aid course
    • Learn how to use a fire extinguisher, fire blanket

When to see a doctor?

  • Uncertainty about the cause of the accident, the accident itself, the people, animals and objects involved
  • Injury or physical and mental condition of accident victim can't be clearly assessed
  • Pale, sweaty skin, emergency number 144
  • Uncontrollable bleeding (seeping, spurting), emergency number 144
  • Disorientation, loss of consciousness, emergency number 144
  • Severe pain
  • Visible damage to tissues and bones
  • Misaligned joints or bones
  • Scratch and bite wounds from strange animals, people (tetanus vaccination)
  • Eye injuries caused by a fall, cut, impact

Further information

www.bfu.ch/en

www.suva.ch

Synonyms

injury prevention, accident prevention

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Exclusion of liability

CSS offers no guarantee for the accuracy and completeness of the information. The information published is no substitute for professional advice from a doctor or pharmacist.

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