Anal and perianal (or anorectal) abscesses

An anal, anorectal or perianal abscess is a bacterial infection in the area around the anus.

Overview

An anal, anorectal or perianal abscess is a bacterial infection in the area around the anus. It is particularly painful during a bowel movement or when sitting, and patients can also suffer from fever and a general feeling of being unwell. Usually the pus has to be drained during a small operation.

Symptoms

Main symptoms

  • Palpable protrusion or hardening in the anal area
  • Reddened skin at or next to the anus
  • Dull persistent pain
  • Pain intensifies when the abscess is touched, during a bowel movement or when sitting

Other symptoms

  • General feeling of being unwell
  • Chills and high fever

Causes and treatment

Causes

The most common cause is blocked glands in the anal area, causing the rapid multiplication of bacteria and the formation of a collection of pus (abscess).

Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital

Possible tests
  • Endoscopy of the rectum (proctoscopy)
  • Ultrasound (sonography)
Possible therapies
  • Small incision to open the abscess and drain the pus

What can I do myself?

  • High-fibre diet (regular bowel movements, preventive)
  • Post-defecation hygiene (e.g. using wet wipes)

When to see a doctor?

  • If you experience severe pain in the anal area, in particular during a bowel movement or when sitting

Synonyms

abscess, Anal abscesses, perianal, abscesses

Health insurance premiums at a glance

Calculate premium

Exclusion of liability

CSS offers no guarantee for the accuracy and completeness of the information. The information published is no substitute for professional advice from a doctor or pharmacist.

CSS Insurance – your health partner

Being healthy, getting well or living with illness: as your health partner, CSS Insurance is by your side on your journey through life.

Well looked