An anal, anorectal or perianal abscess is a bacterial infection in the area around the anus. It is particularly painful during a bowel movement or when sitting, and patients can also suffer from fever and a general feeling of being unwell. Usually the pus has to be drained during a small operation.
- Palpable protrusion or hardening in the anal area
- Reddened skin at or next to the anus
- Dull persistent pain
- Pain intensifies when the abscess is touched, during a bowel movement or when sitting
- General feeling of being unwell
- Chills and high fever
Causes and treatment
The most common cause is blocked glands in the anal area, causing the rapid multiplication of bacteria and the formation of a collection of pus (abscess).
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
- Endoscopy of the rectum (proctoscopy)
- Ultrasound (sonography)
- Small incision to open the abscess and drain the pus
What can I do myself?
- High-fibre diet (regular bowel movements, preventive)
- Post-defecation hygiene (e.g. using wet wipes)
When to see a doctor?
- If you experience severe pain in the anal area, in particular during a bowel movement or when sitting
abscess, Anal abscesses, perianal, abscesses