Prostate cancer

Prostate carcinoma (prostate cancer) is the most common malignant tumour among men and mostly occurs between the ages of 60 and 80.

Overview

Prostate carcinoma (prostate cancer) is the most common malignant tumour among men and mostly occurs between the ages of 60 and 80. After a long asymptomatic period, symptoms start in relation to emptying the bladder, causing blood in the urine and pain – sometimes in the bones. Urination problems and blood in the urine should be discussed with a doctor.

Symptoms

Early stage

  • Asymptomatic for a long time, as tumour generally grows slowly

Advanced stage

Causes and treatment

Causes

  • Cause hasn't been identified
  • Growth is promoted by androgens (male sex hormones)
Risk factors
  • Advancing age (main risk factor)
  • Region (US and Northern Europe)
    • Affluence/diet is suspected as a cause
  • Family predisposition

Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital

Possible tests

Depending on the situation, a preventive examination/cancer diagnosis includes

  • Physical examination of prostate and intestine
  • Ultrasound (sonography)
  • Blood test (PSA, cancer cells)
  • Prostate biopsy (histological examination)
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
  • Bone scintigraphy
Possible therapies

Depending on the stage, condition (age, other diseases, etc.) and needs of the patient

  • Monitoring and regular check-ups (active surveillance)
  • Watchful waiting if life expectancy is otherwise less than 10 years
  • Total removal of prostate (and lymph nodes)
  • Radiation therapy
  • Hormone treatment (androgen inhibitors)
  • Supporting treatment
    • Chemotherapy
    • Treatment of symptoms
Possible consequences of therapies

What can I do myself?

Get a personal Preventive Care Recommendation now.

When to see a doctor?

  • Blood in urine
  • Problems with urination (see also prostatic hyperplasia)
  • Involuntary leakage of urine
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Bone pain, pelvic pain
  • Prostate enlargement
  • Involuntary leakage of urine
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Bone pain, pelvic pain
  • Emergency: Urinary retention (inability to pass urine)

Further information

Swiss Cancer League (Schweizerische Krebsliga)
www.krebsliga.ch

Selbsthilfe Schweiz (Self-Help Support Switzerland)
www.selbsthilfeschweiz.ch

Synonyms

prostate cancer, prostate carcinoma

Health insurance premiums at a glance

Calculate premium

Exclusion of liability

CSS offers no guarantee for the accuracy and completeness of the information. The information published is no substitute for professional advice from a doctor or pharmacist.

CSS Insurance – your health partner

Being healthy, getting well or living with illness: as your health partner, CSS Insurance is by your side on your journey through life.

Well looked