Sore throat

A sore throat is a very common complaint and mostly occurs when you have a cold.

Overview

A sore throat is a very common complaint and mostly occurs when you have a cold. It usually disappears on its own after a few days. Drinking enough liquids (e.g. tea with honey) can support the healing process.

Symptoms

Main symptoms

  • Pain in the throat / back of the mouth (in particular when speaking and swallowing)
  • Redness in the back of the mouth

Other symptoms

Causes and treatment

Causes

  • Viruses: Cold, in particular adeno-, rhino- and coronaviruses
    • Most often!
  • Bacteria: Tonsillitis, mostly group A streptococci
  • Dry and dusty air (irritation of mucous membranes)

Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital

Possible tests
  • Careful examination of the throat and back of the mouth
  • Blood test (inflammatory markers)
  • Throat swab (suspected bacterial infection)
Possible therapies
  • The symptoms usually disappear on their own
  • Painkillers
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs Antibiotics (for bacteria)

What can I do myself?

  • Drink enough liquids (e.g. tea with honey)
  • Wet throat compresses
  • Bed rest
  • Gargle with lukewarm chamomile tea

When to see a doctor?

  • If the sore throat doesn't improve substantially within 7 days
  • Earache in both ears
  • Chronic hoarseness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty swallowing

Synonyms

tonsillitis, fever, home remedies

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Exclusion of liability

CSS offers no guarantee for the accuracy and completeness of the information. The information published is no substitute for professional advice from a doctor or pharmacist.

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