Sore throat

A sore throat is a very common complaint and mostly occurs when you have a cold.

Overview

A sore throat is a very common complaint and mostly occurs when you have a cold. It usually disappears on its own after a few days. Drinking enough liquids (e.g. tea with honey) can support the healing process.

Symptoms

Main symptoms

  • Pain in the throat / back of the mouth (in particular when speaking and swallowing)
  • Redness in the back of the mouth

Other symptoms

Causes and treatment

Causes

  • Viruses: Cold, in particular adeno-, rhino- and coronaviruses
    • Most often!
  • Bacteria: Tonsillitis, mostly group A streptococci
  • Dry and dusty air (irritation of mucous membranes)

Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital

Possible tests
  • Careful examination of the throat and back of the mouth
  • Blood test (inflammatory markers)
  • Throat swab (suspected bacterial infection)
Possible therapies
  • The symptoms usually disappear on their own
  • Painkillers
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs Antibiotics (for bacteria)

What can I do myself?

  • Drink enough liquids (e.g. tea with honey)
  • Wet throat compresses
  • Bed rest
  • Gargle with lukewarm chamomile tea

When to see a doctor?

  • If the sore throat doesn't improve substantially within 7 days
  • Earache in both ears
  • Chronic hoarseness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty swallowing

Synonyms

tonsillitis, fever, home remedies

Exclusion of liability

CSS offers no guarantee for the accuracy and completeness of the information. The information published is no substitute for professional advice from a doctor or pharmacist.

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