Excess weight and obesity

Obesity is the state of being grossly overweight.


Obesity is the state of being grossly overweight. Many diseases such as type 2 diabetes are associated with obesity and cause damage to a number of organs over the long term. Regular exercise and a healthy diet promote weight loss.


Main symptoms

  • Overweight: BMI >25
  • Weight circumference is too big
  • Women >88 cm
  • Men >102 cm

The BMI (body mass index) is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by height in metres squared.


Causes and treatment


  • Excessive calorie intake (primarily because of unhealthy eating and drinking habits)
  • Lack of exercise
  • Inhibited sense of satiety (not feeling full)

Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital

Possible tests
  • Measurement of weight, height, waist circumference and body fat
  • Blood test (e.g. measurement of blood sugar)
  • Ultrasound (primarily of liver)
  • Blood pressure measurement
Possible therapies
  • Nutritional advice
  • Operation (e.g. stomach reduction)
  • Treatment of complications (e.g. medication for high blood pressure)

What can I do myself?

  • Regular exercise
  • Healthy diet (plenty of vegetables, salad and fruit)

Get a personal Preventive Care Recommendation now.

When to see a doctor?

  • For help and support in losing weight
  • BMI of 30 or more
  • Before taking up sport if you’re obese
  • Overweight children

Further information

Schweizerische Adipositas-Stiftung SAPS (Swiss Obesity Foundation)


obesity, excess weight, overweight

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Exclusion of liability

CSS offers no guarantee for the accuracy and completeness of the information. The information published is no substitute for professional advice from a doctor or pharmacist.

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