Food poisoning

Bacteria and other germs in food can cause food poisoning.

Overview

Bacteria and other germs in food can cause food poisoning. This causes gastrointestinal symptoms, mainly vomiting and diarrhoea. Ensure a sufficient fluid intake. To prevent food poisoning, be careful when buying, preparing and eating food. Consult a doctor if the symptoms don’t abate after a few days.

Symptoms

These symptoms can appear just a few hours after a meal.

Causes and treatment

Causes

Food that is contaminated by bacteria can cause food poisoning. The agents include:

  • Bacteria that inhabit food
  • Poison produced by bacteria (toxins)

Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital

The condition usually heals by itself and medication is seldom needed.

Possible tests
  • Blood tests
  • Stool analysis
Possible therapies
  • Intravenous fluid replacement
  • Medication (antibiotics)

What can I do myself?

  • Drink plenty of water and tea
  • Rest your body
  • Eat easily digestible food (e.g. rusks, soup)

When to see a doctor?

  • If symptoms continue for longer than 2 to 3 days
  • Bloody diarrhoea
  • If small children, pregnant women or older persons are afflicted

Synonyms

Food poisoning, poisoning, Lebensmittelntoxikation

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Exclusion of liability

CSS offers no guarantee for the accuracy and completeness of the information. The information published is no substitute for professional advice from a doctor or pharmacist.

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