Hay fever is an allergic reaction to seasonal pollen. It presents with a clear, watery nasal discharge, itching and sneezing. It often also affects the eyes, causing red, watery and itchy eyes. Sufferers should take note of the pollen calendar and current reports in order to avoid contact with the triggers as best as possible.
Causes and treatment
- Genetic tendency to develop allergic diseases (atopic tendency)
- Triggers for allergic rhinitis
- Pollen (seasonal, true hay fever)
- Animal hair, mould fungi, house dust mites, food (all year round)
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
- Skin allergy test
- Blood test (antibodies)
- Avoidance of trigger
- Nasal irrigation with salt water
- Nasal spray containing cortisone, if necessary (anti-inflammatory)
- Specific immunotherapy (hyposensitisation, “allergy vaccination”)
What can I do myself?
- Measures during pollen season (exposure prevention)
- Take note of pollen calendar and current reports
- Take account of daytime fluctuations
- Don't do outdoor sports during “high pollen season”, if necessary
- Regularly wash your hair at night and don't take off your street clothes in the bedroom
- Air rooms only briefly
- Cooling of swollen eyes
- Don’t smoke
When to see a doctor?
hay fever, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, allergic rhinitis, seasonal rhinitis, pollinosis, rhinitis allergica