"Adnexitis" is the medical umbrella term sometimes used to describe an inflammation of the fallopian tubes and ovaries, more commonly referred to as "pelvic inflammatory disease" (PID). It mostly affects young women and is usually acute, but can also become chronic. It is caused by an infection, often starting in the vagina and ascending to the upper genital tract. Typical symptoms include severe pain in the lower abdomen, accompanied by urinary urgency and an increased temperature. During the acute stage, cooling, avoiding sex and getting plenty of bed rest can bring relief.
- Acute adnexitis
- Chronic adnexitis
Causes and treatment
- Ascending infection (spreading up from the vagina)
- Descending infection (spreading down from the abdominal cavity)
- Risk factors
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
- Physical examination
- Smear test (cervical)
- Blood test
- Laparoscopy, if necessary
- Painkillers and antispasmodic medication
- Surgery (laparoscopy), if necessary
- Removal of adhesions
- Depending on the course: removal of a fallopian tube
What can I do myself?
- Acute stage: cooling (e.g. moist cold stomach poultices), no sex, bed rest
- After the acute stage has subsided: moist warm stomach poultices
- Chronic inflammation: fango packs, healing and mud baths
- Follow the safer sex rules:
- Always use a condom or femidom during sexual intercourse
- Don't get sperm or blood (including menstrual blood) in your mouth, and don’t swallow
Get a personal Preventive Care Recommendation now.
When to see a doctor?
inflammation of the fallopian tubes, salpingitis and oophoritis, adnexitis, salpingitis