HPV (human papillomaviruses) cause what is known as anogenital warts. In the worst case, the infection can cause cancer (e.g. cervical cancer). It is usually spread through sexual contact. The safer sex rules reduce the risk of infection, and a vaccination is available for prevention.
Not every HPV infection causes symptoms, but the appearance of anogenital warts is typical. These are painless warts in the genital/anal area, and less commonly in the mouth.
Causes and treatment
The infection is caused by the human papillomavirus. It is mostly spread through sexual contact. HPV is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in the world.
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
- Careful examination of the genital and anal regions, search for anogenital warts
- Gynaecological examination
- Removal of tissue samples to examine under a microscope
- Swabs to identify the virus
- Cream or cryotherapy (treatment of anogenital warts)
- Operation to remove the anogenital warts
What can I do myself?
- Safer sex rules
- Always use a condom or femidom during sexual intercourse
- Don't get sperm or blood (including menstrual blood) in your mouth, and don’t swallow
- HPV vaccination as prevention
Get a personal Preventive Care Recommendation now.
When to see a doctor?
- If you have large or many warts in the genital/anal region
- Fast-growing warts