Cervical cancer

Malignant tumours (cancer) can occur in all parts of the womb (e.g. cervix).


Malignant tumours (cancer) can occur in all parts of the womb (e.g. cervix). Typical symptoms include uncommonly severe vaginal bleeding during menstruation as well as between periods. The primary treatment is the removal of the cancer.


Main symptoms

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • During intercourse
  • Excessively heavy periods
  • Bleeding after menopause

Other symptoms

  • Occasionally, labour-like pains

Causes and treatment


Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital

Possible tests
  • Gynaecological examination, incl. PAP smear
  • Ultrasound (sonography)
  • Removal of tissue samples
  • CT scan (computed tomography)
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
Possible therapies
  • Operation (removal of cancer)
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy

The chances of recovery are high if the disease is diagnosed at an early stage.

What can I do myself?

  • Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV vaccination)
  • Regular gynaecological examinations from the first time you have sexual intercourse

When to see a doctor?

  • For regular gynaecological examinations
  • Persistent bleeding or bleeding between periods before menopause
  • Bleeding during / after intercourse
  • Every instance of bleeding after menopause
  • Bloody discharge
  • Frequent unexplained pain in pelvis or lower abdomen

Further information

Swiss Cancer League (Krebsliga Schweiz)


HPV, Cervical cancer

Exclusion of liability

CSS offers no guarantee for the accuracy and completeness of the information. The information published is no substitute for professional advice from a doctor or pharmacist.