Are mushrooms healthy?
Although mushrooms consist mainly of water, they also contain many proteins, vitamins and minerals. Their vitamin and mineral content is comparable to that of various vegetables. In small quantities, mushrooms are also ideal flavour carriers and give a dish a pleasantly aromatic and autumnal note. However, the cell walls of mushrooms consist of the indigestible dietary fibre chitin.
Mushrooms are tough on the stomach
There are people who lack the enzyme in their intestines that breaks down trehalose. For these people, eating mushrooms can lead to more severe digestive problems like flatulence and diarrhoea. Such symptoms can often be mistaken for mushroom poisoning, although the trigger can also be edible mushrooms that are too old or not cooked properly.
Don’t eat mushrooms raw
It isn't advisable to eat mushrooms raw. Some mushrooms contain toxins that are only destroyed with cooking. In addition, uncooked wild mushrooms run the risk of being infected by fox tapeworm. Mushrooms such as button mushrooms, shiitake, oyster mushrooms or king trumpet mushrooms can be eaten raw, but even these are difficult to digest in large quantities. If you want to eat mushrooms raw, it’s best to go for cultivated varieties.
Always chew well
The cell walls of mushrooms are thick. This means that the protein in the cells can only be absorbed if you chew well. This also facilitates the digestion of mushrooms. Children who can’t chew well should avoid eating mushrooms.
Recommended amount per week
Experts recommend consuming no more than 200g to 300g of fresh mushrooms per week. This is also to avoid the risk of over-exposure to harmful substances that accumulate in mushrooms from the environment. Depending on the location, mushrooms can be contaminated with pollutants like radioactive substances or heavy metals.
What to note when reheating
Leftovers containing mushrooms may only be reheated under the following conditions:
- Cool down quickly after cooking
- Store only in the refrigerator at a maximum of +5°C
- Consume within one to two days